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Maltese (Face, Head)
Face, Head

Breed Information


2022: #38

2021: #39

2020: #38

2019: #36

2018: #37

2017: #33

2016: #33

2015: #31

Name Maltese
Other names Maltese Dog, Maltese lion dog



Breed Group

Toy (AKC:1888)

Companion Breed & Show Breed (UKC)

Size Smallest
Type Purebred
Life span 15-18 years










Male: 8-10 inches (21-25 cm)

Female: 8-9 inches (20-23 cm)

Weight 6.5-9 pounds (3-4 kg)
Colors White
Litter Size 3-5 puppies
Puppy Prices

Average $1500 - $2500 USD

The Maltese are one of the most expensive breeds of small dog breeds. Usually, the average cost of purchasing a pet quality puppy from a reputable breeder is about $1,500 to $2,500. However, for a Maltese puppy with top breed lines and a superior pedigree, you may need to pay between $3,000 and $5,000.

Breed Characteristics


5 stars

Apartment Friendly

5 stars

The Maltese is a good dog for apartment life. They are very active indoors and will do okay without a yard.

Barking Tendencies

5 stars


Cat Friendly

5 stars

Child Friendly

4 stars

Good with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them.

Dog Friendly

5 stars

Exercise Needs

1 stars

The Maltese does not require a great amount of exercise. It can have its needs met by indoor play and activities, and enjoys playing chase.


3 stars

Moderate Maintenance: Beyond regular weekly grooming the occasional bath will keep them clean and looking their best. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your pet. Their strong fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting and cracking. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris which can result in an infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.

Health Issues

3 stars

Hypoallergenic: Yes


4 stars

Ranking: #59 Full Ranking ListThey are ranked 59th out of 79 in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs which indexes obedience and the ability of a dog breed to follow commands, with very light focus on skills seen outside of working breeds, such as emotional intelligence.


3 stars

Shedding Level

1 stars

Minimal Shedding: This dog will shed a negligible amount. Recommended for owners who do not want to deal with dog hair in their cars and homes.

Stranger Friendly

5 stars


2 stars

Difficult Training: Encouragement rather than harsh words should always be used when training the Maltese. They are very sensitive. Maltese are very difficult to housebreak and may need to be paper or box trained.

Watchdog Ability

3 stars

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Maltese Puppy (Lying, Face)
Lying, Face

Maltese Names

Rank Boy Names Girl Names
01 Charlie Lucy
02 Buddy Ellie
03 Toby Molly
04 Gizmo Lola
05 Teddy Kona
06 Oliver Piper
07 Harley Lilly
08 Jake Penny
09 Bruno Sadie
10 Diesel Annie
100 Cute Puppy Names ›


Even though the breed is known for its coat, its body structure, facial expression and overall carriage are essential components of the type. The Maltese is a diminutive dog with a compact, square body, covered all over with long, flat, silky, white hair hanging almost to the ground. The expression is gentle yet alert. It is a vigorous dog, with a jaunty, smooth, flowing gait. The well-built Maltese seems to float over the ground when trotting.

They are one of the most gentle mannered of all little dogs, but are also full of energy and very playful, making them great family dogs. Maltese are highly intelligent and know very well how to use their charm to get their way. If given the chance, they become easily spoiled. This isn’t a problem for dog savvy owners, but many pet owners will give in, often resulting in a pet with poor manners. It is not recommended that Maltese go to homes with young children, where as tiny puppies, there is the possibility of being stepped on or dropped by a child.


The Maltese, one of the many Bichon breeds indigenous to the areas surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, is believed to be as much as 2,000 years old. It is of spaniel origin, descending from the same stock that produced the Portuguese Water Dog, the Barbet and the Poodle. The breed was prized for its beauty and companionship, especially by women. The Maltese was first recognized by the AKC in 1888.

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