Best family
Best guard
Kid friendly
Best watch
Easy to train
Low shedding
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Papillon dog PicturePapillon dog Picture
Breed Information
Popularity 2016: #532015: #482014: #43
Name Papillon
Other names Butterfly Dog, Squirrel Dog, Phalène, Epagneul Nain, Phalène (Drop Ear Type), Continental Toy Spaniel, Epagneul Nain Continental
Origin France
Breed Group Toy (AKC:1915)Companion Breeds (UKC)
Size Small
Type Purebred
Life span 13-16 years
Temperament AlertEnergeticFriendlyHappyHardyIntelligent
Height Male: 8-11 inches (20-28 cm)Female: 8-11 inches (20-28 cm)
Weight Male: 8-10 pounds (4-5 kg)Female: 7-9 pounds (3-4 kg)
Colors White & BlackWhite & LemonWhite & RedWhite & SableWhite Black & Tan
Litter Size 2-4 puppies
Puppy Price Average $400 - $600 USD
Breed Characteristics
Adaptability 5 stars
Apartment Friendly 3 starsAlthough they can be good city dogs, they are sometimes not good apartment dogs, because the dog has a strong instinct to protect their property, and many will bark excessively at nearby noises, not making the distinction between casual noises and those worthy of real alarm.
Barking Tendencies 5 starsFrequent
Cat Friendly 5 stars
Child Friendly 4 starsGood with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them.
Dog Friendly 2 stars
Exercise Needs 5 starsPapillons need a daily walk. Play will take care of a lot of their exercise needs, however, as with all breeds, play will not fulfill their primal instinct to walk. Dogs that do not get to go on daily walks are more likely to display behavior problems. They will also enjoy a good romp in a safe open area off-lead, such as a large, fenced-in yard.
Grooming 3 starsModerate Maintenance: Grooming should be performed regularly to keep its fur in good shape. Occasional trimming or stripping needed.
Health Issues 3 starsPapillons have only minor health concerns although patellar luxation, seizures, and dental problems can be issues. Additionally they can be at risk for PRA, intervertebral disk disease, and allergies.Hypoallergenic: No
Intelligence 5 starsRanking: #8. (See All Rankings)
Playfulness 5 stars
Shedding Level 1 starsMinimal Shedding: This dog will shed a negligible amount. Recommended for owners who do not want to deal with dog hair in their cars and homes.
Stranger Friendly 5 stars
Trainability 5 starsEasy Training: Papillons respond best to a gentle approach. Their willingness to learn makes training a fairly simple process. They are intelligent and obedient.
Watchdog Ability 3 stars
Papillon dog Puppy PicturePapillon dog Puppy Picture
Puppy Names
Rank Male Female
01 Max Lucy
02 Buddy Luna
03 Toby Lola
04 Bandit Zoey
05 Riley Maggie
06 Teddy Layla
07 Sam Zoey
08 Milo Coco
09 Bruno Maya
10 Cody Sasha
See All Names ›

The papillon is a small, dainty, elegant dog of fine-boned structure, slightly longer than it is tall. Its gait is quick, easy and graceful. Its abundant coat is long, silky, straight and flowing. Its hallmark characteristic, besides its friendly temperament and alert expression, is its butterfly ears.

The temperament of a papillon is a happy, friendly, adventurous dog. They are not shy or aggressive. Papillon's make excellent family dogs but should be watched around little children, as should any dog, due to a small child's lack of understanding of a dog's behavior and the likelihood that they will do something to upset the dog.

The dwarf spaniel of the 16th century, depicted in many paintings by the Masters of that era, is the dog that became known as the Papillon. Although the Papillon owes its name and much of its breed development to the French, it was Spain and Italy that gave rise to its popularity.