Best family
Best guard
Kid friendly
Best watch
Easy to train
Low shedding
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Leonberger PictureLeonberger Picture
Breed Information
Popularity #2016: #952015: #932014: #104
Name Leonberger
Other names Leo, Gentle Lion, Gentle Giant
Origin Germany
Breed Group Working (AKC:2010)Guardian Dogs (UKC)
Size Giant
Type Purebred
Life span 8-10 years
Temperament AdaptableCompanionableFearlessLovingLoyalObedient
Height Male: 29-31 inches (74-80 cm)Female: 27-29 inches (61-74 cm)
Weight Male: 130-170 pounds (59-77 kg)Female: 100-130 pounds (45-59 kg)
Colors RedReddish BrownSandyYellow
Litter Size 6-8 puppies
Puppy Price Average $1500 - $2000 USD
Breed Characteristics
Adaptability 3 stars
Apartment Friendly 1 starsThe Leonberger is not recommended for apartment life. It is relatively inactive indoors and will do best with at least a large yard. They prefer cool climates and can live inside or outside, but mostly prefer to be wherever you are.
Barking Tendencies 1 starsRare
Cat Friendly 3 stars
Child Friendly 5 starsGood with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them.
Dog Friendly 4 stars
Exercise Needs 4 starsThis breed does not need a lot of exercise, however, it does need to be taken on a daily walk. They love to be included in all family outings and are very adaptable to most any environment. They LOVE to swim, hike and be trained to pull carts and sleds. If you plan to have your Leo pull carts or hike, one has to wait until the dog is grown. It is not recommended before the dog is about 18 months old.
Grooming 5 starsHigh Maintenance: The Leonberger has a magnificent double coat that comes in lion yellow, golden or reddish-brown. Although it’s beautiful when he has just been bathed and groomed, its natural state is best described as damp and leafy. The Leo loves being wet and muddy, and if his coat looks clean afterward, it’s because all the dirt and debris has dropped onto your floor or furniture.
Health Issues 5 starsAs with all giant breeds, they are prone to hip dysplasia and other skeletal diseases/disorders. Also eyelid defects and bone disease. Possible behavioral problems.Hypoallergenic: No
Intelligence 2 starsRanking: (#). (See All Rankings)
Playfulness 4 stars
Shedding Level 5 starsConstant Shedding: Leos shed -- there’s no getting around it -- but a thorough weekly brushing will help reduce the amount of hair floating around your house.
Stranger Friendly 3 stars
Trainability 4 starsModerately Easy Training: The Leonberger does not respond to harsh training methods; positive reinforcement is best. Patience is required. Early socialization and obedience training are highly recommended.
Watchdog Ability 5 stars
Leonberger Puppy PictureLeonberger Puppy Picture
Puppy Names
Rank Male Female
01 Rocky Lucy
02 Bear Daisy
03 Scout Missie
04 Oliver Ruby
05 Moose Marley
06 Jake Ellie
07 Duke Dakota
08 Rocco Roxy
09 Henry Coco
10 Sammy Phoebe
See All Names ›

The Leonberger is a calm, large, muscular working dog with proud head carriage, level top line, and balanced build. They are a dimorphic breed, with males and females easily discernible as such. Males have strong, masculine heads while the female head expresses femininity. Tight flews, a distinguishing feature of the breed, provide for a dry mouth with no drooling. A soft, sweet expression, dark brown eyes, and a black mask are hallmarks of the Leonberger breed. For his size, the Leo is light on his feet and graceful in motion with a powerful, ground covering gait. Although a multi-purpose working breed, the Leonberger is primarily value as a loving companion, enthusiastically participating in most family endeavors and socializing at human gatherings.

First and foremost a family dog, the Leonberger's temperament is one of its most important and distinguishing characteristics. Well socialized and trained, the Leonberger is self-assured, insensitive to noise, submissive to family members, friendly toward children, well composed with passersby, and self-disciplined when obliging its family or property with protection. Robust, loyal, intelligent, playful, and kindly, they can thus be taken anywhere without difficulty and adjust easily to a variety of circumstances, including the introduction of other dogs.

The Leonberger has been in existence since 1846. Named after the small town of Leonberg, Germany, the Leonberger's origin is credited to the mayor of the town, Herr Heinrich Essig, who lived from 1808 to 1889. Herr Hessig was an avid animal lover who had a particular fondness for very large dogs. It was his goal to breed a dog that resembled the lion that graced the town's crest. After many years of planned breedings, which included the crossings of Landseer Newfoundlands, St. Bernards, and Pyrenean Mountain Dogs, the first true Leonberger was born in 1846.