Best family
Best guard
Kid friendly
Best watch
Easy to train
Low shedding
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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel PictureCavalier King Charles Spaniel Picture
Breed Information
Popularity 2016: #192015: #182014: #19
Name Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Other names Cav, Cavalier, Cavie
Origin United Kingdom
Breed Group Toy (AKC:1995)Companion Breeds (UKC)
Size Small
Type Purebred
Life span 10-14 years
Temperament AffectionateCheerfulCourageousGentleIntelligentSocial
Height 12-13 inches (30-33 cm)
Weight 10-18 pounds (5-8 kg)
Colors Black & TanBlack & WhiteBlenheimRuby
Litter Size 3-5 puppies
Puppy Price Average $1200 - $1500 USD
Breed Characteristics
Adaptability 5 stars
Apartment Friendly 5 starsCavalier King Charles Spaniels are good for apartment life. They are moderately active indoors and a small yard will be sufficient. The Cavalier does not do well in very warm conditions.
Barking Tendencies 3 starsOccassional
Cat Friendly 3 stars
Child Friendly 5 starsGood with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them.
Dog Friendly 5 stars
Exercise Needs 3 starsCavalier King Charles Spaniels need a daily walk. Play will take care of a lot of their exercise needs, however, as with all breeds, play will not fulfill their primal instinct to walk. Dogs that do not get to go on daily walks are more likely to display behavior problems. They will also enjoy a good romp in a safe open area off-lead, such as a large, fenced-in yard.
Grooming 3 starsModerate Maintenance: A comb and soft slicker brush should help to keep this breed’s long coat in top shape. An occasional bath also helps to keep it mat- and tangle-free. Their nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth and cracking. Their long pendulous ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris which can result in an infection. Teeth should be brushed regularly.
Health Issues 4 starsHypoallergenic: No
Intelligence 4 starsRanking: #44. (See All Rankings)
Playfulness 3 stars
Shedding Level 3 starsModerate Shedding: Expect this dog to shed regularly. Be prepared to vacuum often. Brushing will reduce shedding as well as make the coat softer and cleaner.
Stranger Friendly 5 stars
Trainability 4 starsModerately Easy Training: The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is average when it comes to training. Results will come gradually.
Watchdog Ability 2 stars
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Puppy PictureCavalier King Charles Spaniel Puppy Picture
Puppy Names
Rank Male Female
01 Charlie Lucy
02 Max Chloe
03 Bear Molly
04 Buddy Lulu
05 Jack Ellie
06 Rocky Coco
07 Oliver Roxy
08 Toby Chloe
09 Marley Luna
10 Riley Piper
See All Names ›

The cav is an elegant, royal, toy spaniel, slightly longer than tall, with moderate bone. It retains the build of a working spaniel, yet in a smaller version. Its gait is free and elegant, with good reach and drive. Its silky coat is of moderate length, with a slight wave permissible. Long feathering on the feet is a breed characteristic. A hallmark of the breed is its gentle, sweet, melting expression.

The cavalier in many ways fits the bill as an ideal house pet. It is sweet, gentle, playful, willing to please, affectionate and quiet. It is amiable toward other dogs, pets and strangers. Outdoors, its spaniel heritage kicks in, and it loves to explore, sniff and chase.

Small toy spaniels have been known in Europe and Great Britain since the 16th century and were popular subjects of the most famous painters from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is descended from these toy spaniels. Early toy spaniels were quite common as ladies’ pets, and during the reign of King Charles II, they were given the royal title King Charles Spaniel (English Toy Spaniel). When serious show dog breeding began in England, the dog's face structure changed to have the look of the Pug until an American, Roswell Eldridge, offered a cash prize at the Crufts Dog Show for a dog that resembled those in the early paintings. With careful breeding, the shorter-faced dogs became the English Toy Spaniel, and those that more closely resembled the originals became known as the Cavalier.