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Caucasian Ovcharka

Caucasian Ovcharka PictureCaucasian Ovcharka Picture
Breed Information
Popularity #
Name Caucasian Ovcharka
Other names Azerbaijani Shepherd Dog, Georgian Nagazi, Caucasian Mountain Dog, Circassian Sheep Dog, Armenian Khobun Dog, Kars (Kafkas) Köpeği
Origin Armenia Azerbaijan Georgia
Breed Group WorkingGuardian Dog (UKC)
Size Large to Giant
Type Purebred
Life span 10-12 years
Temperament AlertCalmDominantPowerfulQuickStrong
Height 25-28 inches (64-72 cm)
Weight 99-154 pounds (45-70 kg)
Colors BlackCreamGraySilverWhiteYellow
Litter Size 5-10 puppies
Puppy Price Average $1500 - $2000 USD
Breed Characteristics
Adaptability 4 stars
Apartment Friendly 2 starsThe Caucasian Shepherd is not recommended for apartment life. They need space and will do best with at least a large yard. Because its thick coat protects it so well, it can happily cope with living outdoors provided it has proper shelter.
Barking Tendencies 3 starsOccassional
Cat Friendly 3 stars
Child Friendly 4 starsGood with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them.
Dog Friendly 2 stars
Exercise Needs 2 starsExercise and play time are a crucial part of the Caucasian Shepherd dogs life to help prevent obesity. Outdoor activities such as hiking, chasing balls and retrieving flying discs can be a good outlet of releasing energy.
Grooming 2 starsThere are two coat varieties: short and long. The coat of the long-haired variety requires frequent brushings, paying special attention to the spots where tangles may occur. The shorthaired variety needs less grooming, but should still be combed and brushed.
Health Issues 2 starsThe Caucasian Shepherd Dog is generally healthy and long-lived. Some dogs may have health issues in the form of hip dysplasia, obesity and occasional heart problems, but the majority of these dogs are healthy if taken care of correctly. Good dog breeders use genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the chances of diseases in the puppies.Hypoallergenic: No
Intelligence 3 starsRanking: (#). (See All Rankings)
Playfulness 3 stars
Shedding Level 3 starsModerate Shedding: To keep an Ovcharka’s double coat healthy, brush him thoroughly up to twice a week. Once a year, the Ovcharka goes through a heavy shed, known as blowing coat. During this time, warm baths and frequent brushing will help the old coat shed faster, reducing the amount of hair that will end up on your floor, furniture, and clothing.
Stranger Friendly 2 stars
Trainability 2 starsDifficult Training: Training your Caucasian Ovcharka is no simple task. This breed is very strong-willed and assertive and will need to be taught basic manners and good behavior from a very young age. The Caucasian Ovcharka will be far too difficult to begin training as an adult, as it could be potentially dangerous to correct them. The Caucasian Ovcharka requires a very strong and confident leader that consistently exerts their place as head of the pack.
Watchdog Ability 5 starsGreat Watchdog Ability: This dog will bark and alert its owners when an intruder is present. It exhibits very protective behavior, acts fearless toward any aggressor, and will do what it takes to guard and protect its family.
Caucasian Ovcharka Puppy PictureCaucasian Ovcharka Puppy Picture
Puppy Names
Rank Male Female
01 Max Molly
02 Charlie Bella
03 Toby Chloe
04 Jack Luna
05 Rocky Abbie
06 Bear Emma
07 Oliver Zoey
08 Jake Coco
09 Milo Gracie
10 Bailey Penny
See All Names ›
Overview

The Caucasian Ovcharka is a powerful, athletic dog, strongly muscled, and heavily boned in proportion to height. The head is large, wedge-shaped, and tapers slightly to a blunt muzzle with high-set hanging ears, which may be cropped, and deep-set, oval-shaped eyes. The thick tail hangs down to the hock but may be carried above the back as a sickle-shaped hook or ring when the dog is excited or moving. Three coat lengths are accepted, all double-coated and thick. Coat colors include shades of agouti gray, fawn, and reddish, with white markings and often a dark facial mask. Solid white dogs with dark pigmentation occur occasionally in the breed. Gender differences are well expressed in this breed. Males are more massive and more powerful; females are smaller and lighter in build. Honorable scars resulting from field work are not to be penalized.

Caucasians are spirited, intelligent, strong-willed guardian dogs. While gentle and demonstrative with family members, the Caucasian’s active defense reaction and strong territorial instincts make this breed very suspicious of strange people or dogs. They are steady and even tempered but will protect their flock, family, and property from danger - real or perceived - with lightning-quick speed. Caucasian Ovcharka have keen senses, so they are very alert and good trackers. Any change in their surroundings can result in warning barks and growls, particularly at night. The breed is slow to mature and headstrong. Socialization and patient training techniques can be used to temper the Caucasian Ovcharka’s characteristic suspicion and aggressiveness toward strange people and dogs, resulting in a mature dog with good judgment. This breed is hardy and able to adapt to a wide range of climates.

History
The Caucasus mountains are home to some of the oldest living Molosser breeds, the Caucasian Mountain Dogs. There is a great variety of types among the Caucasian dogs depending on their home region, but a single type has come to be favored in the show rings and literature, at the expense of other breed variants. Although its first official Show-Ring appearance outside the Caucasus was in the 1930s in Germany, the Caucasian Mountain Dog has existed since ancient times, like many Eastern Molossers. They served shepherds in the Caucasus mountains as guard dogs, defending sheep from predators, mainly wolves, jackals and bears. They are still successfully served in this job, especially in Georgia, and the shepherds life is impossible without these dogs. The show dogs, also known as Caucasian Ovcharka, were created by the USSR during the 1900s using the dogs taken mainly from Georgia. Now, Caucasian shepherd dog is a fully standardized breed recognized by the major kennel organizations, including FCI, AKC and UKC.