Best family
Best guard
Kid friendly
Best watch
Easy to train
Low shedding
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Bulgarian Shepherd Dog

Bulgarian Shepherd Dog PictureBulgarian Shepherd Dog Picture
Breed Information
Popularity #
Name Bulgarian Shepherd Dog
Other names Karakachan, Karakachan Shepherd Dog
Origin Bulgaria
Breed Group Working
Size Medium
Type Purebred
Life span 12-14 years
Temperament BraveDominantIndependentIntelligentProudVigilant
Height Male: 26-30 inches (65-75 cm)Female: 25-28 inches (63-72 cm)
Weight Male: 99-125 pounds (45-57 kg)Female: 88-114 pounds (40-52 kg)
Colors BlackWhiteTricolor
Litter Size 5-10 puppies
Puppy Price Average $800 - $1000 USD
Breed Characteristics
Adaptability 3 stars
Apartment Friendly 2 starsThis dog does best in a clean country environment where he can receive extensive daily exercise and a job to do.
Barking Tendencies 2 starsOccassional
Cat Friendly 3 stars
Child Friendly 4 starsGood with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them. It is also friendly toward strangers.
Dog Friendly 3 stars
Exercise Needs 3 starsThis breed needs plenty of daily exercise and a job to do. When not actively working it should be taken on daily, long, brisk walk.
Grooming 3 starsCoats should be brushed about every 2-3 days. Bathe only when necessary.
Health Issues 2 starsHypoallergenic: No
Intelligence 3 starsRanking: (#). (See All Rankings)
Playfulness 3 stars
Shedding Level 3 starsModerate Shedding: Routine brushing will help. Be prepared to vacuum often!
Stranger Friendly 2 stars
Trainability 3 starsModerately Easy Training: The Karakachan is average when it comes to training. Results will come gradually.
Watchdog Ability 4 stars
Bulgarian Shepherd Dog Puppy PictureBulgarian Shepherd Dog Puppy Picture
Puppy Names
Rank Male Female
01 Buddy Molly
02 Max Bella
03 Cooper Annie
04 Bailey Luna
05 Rocky Dixie
06 Dexter Emma
07 Oliver Zoey
08 Zeus Ruby
09 Teddy Nala
10 Cody Maddie
See All Names ›

The Karakachan is a breed of dog that originated in Bulgaria as a mountain livestock guardian dog. Other names are Bulgarian Shepherd and Thracian Mollos. The dog is named after the Karakachans, Balkan nomadic shepherds. Due to their conservative stock-breeding traditions, they have preserved some of the oldest breeds of domestic animals in Europe: the Karakachan sheep, Karakachan horse and the Karakachan dog.

In the past, this mountain dog was widely used in Bulgaria as a border army watchdog. Nowadays it is used primarily as a livestock guardian dog and property guard dog. The most numerous populations of working purebred livestock guarding Karakachan dogs are found in Bulgaria and the United States. The Karakachan was officially approved as a Bulgarian old native breed in 2005. The Karakachan dog may be a descendant of ancient Balkan domestic dogs, possibly since the time of the Thracians. In ancient Thracian treasures, figures were found of big, longhaired guardian dogs with curled tails. The Karachan is part of the origin of the Bulgarian Shepherd dog, with which it should not be confused.

The Karakachan dog is a typical molosser, created for guarding its owner's flock and property; it does not hesitate to fight wolves or bears to defend its owner and his family in case of danger. Its ancestors started forming as early as the third millennium BC. The Karakachan dog is a descendant of the dogs of the Thracians, renowned as stock-breeders. The dog is named after the Karakachans. Due to their conservative stock-breeding traditions, they managed to preserve some of the oldest breeds of domestic animals in Europe – the Karakachan sheep, the Karakachan horse, and, of course, the Karakachan dog. It is with this name that the Karakachan dog appears in the works of some of the classics of Bulgarian literature, namely Yordan Yovkov, Georgi Raitchev and Yordan Radichkov. In 1938 H. B. Peters wrote about it in the German cynologycal magazine. Zeitschrift für Hundeforschung The first researcher of the breed was Todor Gajtandjiev, who proposed the standardization of the breed in the 1970s. The Karakachan dog's bravery and dignity, together with its incredible loyalty, make this dog an invaluable friend and helper.
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