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Alano Espanol

Alano Espanol PictureAlano Espanol Picture
Breed Information
Popularity #
Name Alano Espanol
Other names Spanish Alano, Spanish Bulldog, Alano
Origin Spain
Breed Group Working
Size Large
Type Purebred
Life span 11-14 years
Temperament AffectionateDominantObedientPatientReliableSerious
Height Male: 23-25 inches (58 - 64 cm)Female: 22-24 inches (55-61 cm)
Weight 75–88 pounds (34–40 kg)
Colors Black and TanBrindleFawnRedSableWolf-SableYellow
Litter Size 4-8 puppies
Puppy Price Average $600 - $800 USD
Breed Characteristics
Adaptability 3 stars
Apartment Friendly 2 starsBest suited to live in a yard and sleep outside, the Alano can stand hot and cold temperatures, dryness and humidity with no problem. For example: during inland Spain winters, the temperature reaches from the low 30's to the high 20's (below zero Celsius). In the north of Spain, the humidity is extremely high. In the central area the weather is dry with cold winters and very hot summers, whereas the south could be dry or humid (depending on the province) but with mild to hot temperatures. The Spanish Alano always sleeps outside and will adapt to all these climates with no problem.
Barking Tendencies 2 starsOccassional
Cat Friendly 3 stars
Child Friendly 4 starsGood with Kids: This is a suitable breed for kids and is known to be playful, energetic, and affectionate around them.
Dog Friendly 3 stars
Exercise Needs 5 starsIf they are not being used as working dogs, but are a family pet, you need to give them a lot of daily exercise. At least three walks daily, one of them a bit longer in an open space where they can run and play, ideally in the country.
Grooming 1 starsLow Maintenance: Grooming is only necessary once in a while to maintain upkeep. No trimming or stripping needed.
Health Issues 2 starsNo record or history of health issues in the breed.Hypoallergenic: No
Intelligence 3 starsRanking: (#). (See All Rankings)
Playfulness 2 stars
Shedding Level 2 stars
Stranger Friendly 2 stars
Trainability 3 starsDifficult Training: Training will be difficult, which might not be suitable for a first time dog owner. Patience and perseverance are required to adequately train it. Professional obedience schools can also be helpful.
Watchdog Ability 4 stars
Alano Espanol Puppy PictureAlano Espanol Puppy Picture
Puppy Names
Rank Male Female
01 Charlie Molly
02 Max Bella
03 Toby Coco
04 Jack Luna
05 Rocky Abbie
06 Jake Chloe
07 Oliver Zoey
08 Oscar Stella
09 Teddy Nala
10 Buster Lulu
See All Names ›
Overview

The Alano Español is a very large dog of the Molosser type, with a large, strong head. Males should be no smaller than 58 centimetres (23 in) at the withers, and should weigh 34–40 kilograms (75–88 lb) with females somewhat smaller. The coat is short and thick but never velvety, and is most often a brindle of any color; leonardo (fawn);black and brindle; sable wolf. White chest flashes are acceptable but prevalence of white is not. The face may or may not have a black mask. The muzzle is short with the lower jaw slightly concave, and has a very large, broad, black nose. The ears are set high and may be drop or cut short. The skin is very thick, with neck folds and some wrinkles on the face.

Since the breed was used for hunting in packs, it is very sociable with other dogs. All large dogs must be well socialized with humans and other animals when young, if they are to be safely kept as pets. Large working dogs, such as the Alano Español, need regular training and activity all of their lives.

History
The name of the breed comes from the Iranian tribe of Alani, nomadic pastoralists who arrived in Spain as part of the Migration Period in the 5th Century. These peoples were known to keep large livestock guardian dogs and pursuit dogs which became the basis for the many regional Alaunt types. The first formal, written reference to the breed in Spain is in a chapter of the 14th century "Book of the Hunt of Alfonso XI" (Libro de la Montería de Alfonso XI) in which hunting dogs called Alani are described as having beautiful colours. Dogs of this type traveled with Spanish explorers and were used as war dogs (as was their role in Eurasia before migration) in the subjugation of Indian (Native American) peoples, as well as in the capturing of slaves. Large dogs that are similar in appearance and may share the history of the Alano Español include the molossers of the Canary Islands such as the Dogo Canario (Perro de Presa Canario) as well as the Mastín Español (Spanish Mastiff). The Cimarron Uruguayo is a South American breed that also looks somewhat similar, and is descended from the dogs of the Spanish explorers and conquistadores. The breed is also sometimes called the Spanish Bulldog in English. English dog dealer Bill George imported a dog he called "Big Headed Billy" in 1840. He was used to increase size in English Bulldogs.